Albert Bandura – biography
Albert Bandura Bio, Career, Contribution into Psychology
Albert Bandura is the scientific pioneer and veteran. His name is the first thing that should come to your mind when you think of biggest scientific names of our times. For many decades, the Canadian scientists have been contributing in the science. He has introduced some globally recognizable theories and psychological hypothesis. Most of them are used by psychologists even now.
He has changed the subject after constructing a theoretical conception of self-efficacy. He also gave a new lease of life to the theory of social learning. Bandura got fame and recognition in 1961 after holding the legendary experiment with the doll named Bobo. It proved that a child take after adult individuals when it comes to aggression. Albert find it possible to bridge the gap between cognitive psychology and behaviorism.
He used to work as a teacher of Psychology at Stanford University. In 1968, he joined the APA Board of Scientific Affairs where he served as a member for 2 years. Four years later he became the APA president. His contribution to the subject is priceless. It is high time we learned more about scientist making his first professional steps as well as proposed theories or experiments that change the field for good.
Childhood and First Professional Steps
Bandura is 93 years old. He was born in Canada in a tiny place not far from Edmonton on December 4, 1925. He was the last sin in his family and had 5 elder sisters and brothers. Getting a solid education was a tough challenge for him considering a small local school with only two available teachers.
Of course, they could not cover all fields of science or provide at least basic knowledge. For this reason, Bandura was responsible for his own education as well as the rest of students from his school.
The Rise of Scientific Career
The fascination by psychology was quite a surprise for the future scientist. He got involved in the subject only after getting to his first educational establishment tin the University of British Columbia. The accidental passion about psychology arose when Bandura noticed that he entered the class much earlier than the rest of his mates. In other words, he had some free time before the lesson to learn something new. This is how he eventually indulged in psychology.
From the very start, Bandura made a name for himself as a genius. He managed to get the MA degree only after one year of studying. The first degree was only a start. Albert moved on with enrolling different educational establishments and getting degrees on and on. In 1952, Bandura earned MA degree in psychology and one year later got the Ph.D. degree in clinical psychology as well.
Is He a Behaviorist or not?
Most of his followers still cannot decide if Bandura is a behaviorist or not. It us crucial to realize that the majority of his theories are based on the behaviorist’s concept. On the other hand, Albert himself has always claimed his works to be far from what we call behavioral orthodoxy.
Bandura has always believed there was something more than just stimulus-response cycle behind reducing the behavior. He tried to explain the concept through the prism of cognitive processes. Summing up, we can hardly call him a behaviorist though some authors who used his materials made efforts to mischaracterize Bandura’s approach due to the lack of understanding, knowledge or whatever.
The Core Theories
Bandura’s Ph.D. degree opened many doors in the world of science. Albert was invited to become a teacher in Stanford. He was glad to receive the offer despite the fact Bandura already had a permanent job in another educational establishment. In 1953, the promising psychologist moved to Stanford and started his professional career. It all resulted in the introduction of Bandura’s social learning theory followed by the book with the author’s explanations and comments on the issue published in 1977. By that time, the scientists managed to gain a flawless reputation in the scientists’ world due to his sensation experiment with a doll.
A deep research that involved a doll named Bobo was probably the most significant work by Bandura. The main aim was to prove that children would repeat aggressive actions performed by adults. All kids were divided into two groups. Children from the first group were shown a film featuring aggressive behavior and adults beating the doll and shouting aggressive words at the same time. Bandura wanted to check if the kids would take after adults.
The result proved that boys are more likely to behave in an aggressive manner if compared to girls. They imitated the same actions performed by adults from the film, which meant the role of social influence in forming the behavioral model. Bandura made it obvious that self-control development is also a vital element of forming a healthy society.